Royal Castles and Residences of British Monarchs

Several castles and residences belong to the Royal Family of England, of which the family switches with the seasons. While many are owned by the Crown and held in trust, there are several others that are privately owned.

Royal residences and castles in England include:

Buckingham Palace

Buckingham Palace, located in Westminster, is the official London home of the Royal Family. Formerly known as Buckingham House, the home was originally built in 1703 as a townhouse for the Duke of Buckingham.

The site of the palace had been privately owned for 150 years or more.

King George III acquired the home in 1761, and it became the private residence of Queen Charlotte.

The home was enlarged in the 19th century, and became the London home of Queen Victoria in 1837.

Buckingham Palace has 775 rooms and the largest private garden in the city of London.

Windsor Castle

The official country home of the Royal Family. The family stays at Windsor most weekends, but also makes special trips during holidays. They visit for a month over Easter, for some time in Christmas and for a week in June for the Royal Ascot.

Palace of Holyroodhouse

Holyroodhouse is the official Scottish home for the family. The Royal Family stays at the home when performing official duties in the country, mostly in July during Holyrood week.

The palace has been the primary residence of the Kings and Queens of Scotland since the 16th century.

The State Apartments and the Apartments of Mary, Queen of Scots are open to the public.

Hillsborough Castle

The Royal Family stays at Hillsborough Castle, located in County Down, whenever performing official duties in Northern Ireland.

The castle, managed by the Historic Royal Palaces organization, is open to the public from time to time.

Sandringham House

A privately-owned residence, the Royal Family stays at the Sandringham House from Christmas through February. The country home, located in Norfolk, sits on 20,000 acres.

The home, its museum and the gardens are open to the public.

Balmoral Castle

Located in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, Balmoral Castle is home to the Royal Family for the months of August and September.

The home has been a private residence for the family since 1852 when the estate was purchased by Prince Albert.

The castle, which sits on 50,000 acres, is a working estate which includes forestry, grouse moors and farmland. The estate also manages Highland cattle, deer and ponies.

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